Knowledge and know-how in Design and Technology is built on the foundations of expressing Arts and Design in Early Years. Through the study of Design and Technology children combine practical skills with an understanding of aesthetic, social and environmental issues, in order to design and make a product. Evaluation is an integral part of the design process and allows children to adapt and improve their product, this is a key skill which they need throughout their life.
Key skills and key knowledge for DT have been mapped across the school to ensure progression between the mixed year groups over a 2-year-cycle. The context for the children’s work in Design and Technology is well considered and children learn about real life structures and the purpose of specific examples, as well as developing their skills throughout the programme of study. To help enhance children’s learning of Design and Technology, lessons are taught as a block enabling children to focus throughout the unit of work and combining new and previously learned knowledge within the unit.
Through a variety of creative and practical activities, we teach the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making.
When designing and making, the children are taught to:
- use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose
- generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional diagrams, prototypes and pattern pieces
- select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks (for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing) accurately
- select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities
- investigate and analyse a range of existing products
- evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work
- understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world
- apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures
- understand and use mechanical systems in their products
- understand and use electrical systems in their products
Skills and knowledge develop throughout each phase of learning via projects and ensure progression. These skills can then be transferred across the curriculum and thus ensure pupils:
1. design and make products that solve real and relevant problems confidently within a variety of contexts to enable them to participate successfully in an increasingly technical world
2. Learn to take risks, be reflective, innovative, enterprising and resilient
3. Understand and apply the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook
4. Know how to keep themselves and others safe.